Copenhagen Castles Guide: Self-Guided Day Trip from Copenhagen

Take a self-guided day trip to see 2 fairytale castles in Copenhagen, Denmark! One of the best day trips from Copenhagen in winter.

Fairytale castles topped our list of must-see places in Europe in winter. We imagined snow-topped spires and icy moats sparkling with Christmas lights. And any other year, we probably would’ve gotten our wish – it just so happened that this year, it was far too warm for snow. No matter! A fairytale castle is beautiful whether or not it’s dusted with snow.

Our first winter destination in Europe was Copenhagen, Denmark. Denmark was once a thriving monarchy with loads of enormous castles, one of which was immortalized in Shakespeare’s Hamlet (is there a word for Shakespearian castles?). Searching for Copenhagen castles, we found many Copenhagen castle tours that would take us to Frederiksborg and Kronberg (of Hamlet fame) in a group tour, like this one.

Unfortunately, we didn’t have room in our budget (mostly because we spent all of our money on gluhwein, Christmas-spice pickled herring and other delicious Copenhagen Christmas treats).

But, where there is a tour, there is usually a cheaper, self-guided DIY way! And so rather than pay for a Copenhagen castle tour during our visit to Copenhagen in the winter (more on that here), we opted to take the train to see the Copenhagen castles all on our own. It was budget-friendly and a fantastic way to spend a winter day! 

Whether you opt for the DIY version or take a tour, visiting the Copenhagen castles is one of the best day trips from Copenhagen. Here is our guide to seeing both of the Copenhagen castles by train!


Hey, check out some of these other awesome Copenhagen tours:


Psst: We have a couple more posts about visiting Copenhagen in the winter! If you’re planning a trip, these will definitely help you with everything from what to do to what to wear to what to eat.

We’ve also helpfully compiled the information in our 3 Copenhagen posts into a handy dandy PDF that you can take with you on your trip! Sign up below to download the FREE Copenhagen Winter Guide.

Exploring Frederiksborg Castle near Copenhagen, Denmark on a winter day. Visiting castles is one of the best day trips from Copenhagen in the winter!
Exploring Frederiksborg Castle near Copenhagen, Denmark on a winter day. Visiting castles is one of the best day trips from Copenhagen in the winter!

How to Get to Frederiksborg Castle by Train

Our adventure started in the Copenhagen Train Station. The main station is just across from Tivoli Gardens in the center of the city.

We didn’t want a re-loadable train card as we weren’t planning any other day trips from Copenhagen, so instead we looked for the bright red billeter machines to purchase individual tickets.

That sounds a lot easier than it actually was, because at the time we didn’t know we wanted the bright red billeter machines. There are lots of machines in the Copenhagen train station, and they all say things like “billeter” on them.

But after consulting with a friendly employee, we purchased a Tourist Ticket to All Zones. It would cover us anywhere that we wanted to go for 24 hours at a price of 130 DKK/$19.

Ever the penny pincher, we I planned to get our money’s worth.

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Step by Step

  1. Head to the Copenhagen Train Station. The main station is just across from Tivoli Gardens in the center of the city.
  2. Find a Red Billeter Machine and get a Tourist Ticket to All Zones. Cost: 130 DKK/$19
  3. Take one of the frequent S trains to Hillerød
Frederiksborg Castle is a fairytale castle near Copenhagen, Denmark. We visited in the winter.
Just peering into the moat at Frederiksborg Castle, looking for sharks or alligators or whatever they put in moats these days.

Frederiksborg Castle in Hillerød

Our first Copenhagen castle stop was Frederiksborg Castle in Hillerød.

We took the comfortable train from Copenhagen (as an American, I can’t even tell you how jealous I am of places with actual public transportation options) and disembarked after about 45 minutes in the lovely little Danish town of Hillerød.

The first thing that greeted us was a 7-11, which is only remarkable because it was the most bomb 7-11 I have ever been to. They had like 18 different kinds of fresh juice and prepared paleo meals. Mind you, we haven’t been on the paleo diet since we started travelling, but if I’d known 7-11 would be hooking it up, maybe things would be different.

We’d already packed a lunch (with loads of bread and cheese, because once you fall off the wagon, you might as well embrace it) but if we hadn’t, 7-11 would be the best budget-friendly place to pick up a healthy meal. 7-11 is rad, who knew? (Answer: Beyonce, of course.)

The adorable tiny windmill that greeted us upon arrival in Hillerød, home of Frederiksborg Castle, outside of Copenhagen Denmark.
The adorable tiny windmill that greeted us upon arrival in Hillerød, home of Frederiksborg Castle, outside of Copenhagen Denmark.

Anyway, after spending a while walking through 7-11 poking at brightly covered packages and loudly exclaiming in joy (much to the embarrassment of the perfectly normal Danish patrons, who probably already knew how awesome 7-11 was) we got back on track to finding Frederiksborg Castle.

According to the great wisdom of Google Maps, Frederiksborg Castle was about a 15 minute walk through adorable little Hillerød. We headed down the helpfully named Frederiksborg Street until we came to an adorable little square, complete with an adorable little windmill and an adorable little street lined with shops.

To maximize adorableness, there was also a little booth run by two cheerful, red-cheeked Danish youth offering Hot Chocolate … for free!

Ever the skeptical Americans, we asked why. “Just to promote the Christmas Spirit,” they chirped happily.

I can see why the concept of “hygge” was invented here. It is literally impossible not to feel warm and fuzzy when given free Hot Chocolate and Christmas cheer by two cherub-esque blond Danes in front of a tiny windmill.

Mug of free Hot Chocolate in hand and brimming with hygge, we happily strolled towards the square to catch our first views of the epic Frederiksborg Castle across the lake.

Hygge and free hot chocolate in front of Frederiksborg Castle in Copenhagen Denmark.
Like, possibly the happiest I have ever been.

The History of Frederiksborg Castle

Frederiksborg Castle dates from the 13th century, but its first incarnation was unacceptably plain and functional – not really a castle at all, in fact, but a lowly manor (how un-posh).

The much more stylish and showy King Christian IV, rejecting the offensive monstrosity in which he was born, tore it down in the 16th century and replaced it with something much more fabulous, complete with unnecessary walls, overly decorative fountains, and lots and lots of statues.

The glittering new castle lasted for a few hundred years and then promptly burnt itself down in the 19th century.

Today’s castle is restored to all of its former glory (thanks to the venerable Carlsberg Breweries – beer and charity, a match made in heaven) and is quite a sight to behold.

As we walked around the lake towards it, every new glimpse elicited fresh ooh’s and ahh’s from us (and repeated “take another picture”s from me and “they’re all going to look the exact same”s from Jeremy. Annoyingly, he was right, as usual).

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Fredriksborg Castle today houses the The Museum of National History, which costs 75 DKK/$10.50 and is probably really wonderful, but we skipped it. We’re cheap, plus we had woken up late (of course) and didn’t have enough time (story of our lives).

 Honestly, we regret skipping it and recommend that you don’t. If you want to spend a few hours exploring the museum, don’t do what we did and catch a train around lunchtime. Wake up early (like a normal, functioning adult whose body doesn’t refuse to awaken until they’ve gotten 10+ hours of sleep) and catch a train before 9am, and you’ll have plenty of time!

Instead of visiting the museum, we explored the stunning castle grounds and caught a free 3D video showing us the varying stages of construction of Frederiksborg Castle (so that we, too, could appreciate how hideously un-showy and lacking in flair its first iterations were).

We walked back to town by way of the gardens, which were disappointingly dead because it was December.

Still, we got a 360-view of the castle, which – as it turns out – looks amazing from all sides. (Note: when the lake is frozen over, it’s so stunning you don’t even mind that the gardens are all dead . Check out this wintry pic from the Frederiksborg Instagram!)

What a sight this morning❄️ #wintercastle #frederiksborgcastle #frederiksborgslot #museumofnationalhistory

A photo posted by Det Nationalhistoriske Museum (@dnm_frederiksborg) on

How to Get to Kronborg Castle in Helsingør

Our second Copenhagen castle to visit was Kronborg Castle in Helsingør. We headed back to Hillerød station (and through the best ever 7-11 one last time) to catch the 930R train to Helsingør.

Except that the 930R train had just left and the next one didn’t come for an hour.

Luckily, there was another option: the longer and more scenic L train, leaving in a half hour.

As we’d already explored 7-11 to an irrational degree, we decided to take the L instead of waiting around. And it really was scenic: the train took us past dense woods, mirrored lakes, rolling farmland, tiny Danish towns, the sea, and finally, Sweden.

Sweden was our stop, apparently. Helsingør (also called Elsinore, if you’re Shakespeare or just English speaking) is just across the way from Helsingborg, Sweden (my favorite thing about the Scandinavian languages is that they’re nearly all just slight mispronunciations of each other) which is perfectly visible across the water. You can catch a quick ferry to pop over to Sweden and back any time you like.

Although it was tempting to say a quick hello to Sweden, daylight was already nearly gone as it was around 3pm, and we knew we needed to hurry if we wanted to see Kronborg Castle.

Kronberg Castle in Copenhagen, Denmark is the setting of Shakespeare's Hamlet. We visited in the winter.
Kronberg Castle , setting of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, at 3:30 PM, aka twilight. Thanks a lot, Denmark winter!

Kronborg was another 15-20 minute walk from the Helsingør station (it turns out we could have disembarked from station before Helsingør instead for a slightly shorter walk).

As we walked, darkness fell quickly, so that by the time we arrived, it was almost pitch black. Nobody has bothered to install electricity in Kronborg Castle, so it is still lit by flaming torches and candles, which is adorable but also makes it difficult to navigate in the dark. (Also adorable/foreboding: the gate to the castle is literally called The Dark Gate.)

Luckily, streams of people were leaving, so we just followed them heading the wrong way, like two confused salmon swimming upstream.

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To purchase tickets to enter Kronborg Castle, we found out once we arrived at the gate, you actually have to stop at a tiny little cottage somewhere along the path. Probably there is a sign, but as it was 3:30pm and therefore pitch black, and we had neglected to bring our historically appropriate whale blubber lantern, so we’d walked right past it.

We had about 30 minutes before the entire castle was closed for the night, but after skipping out on touring Frederiksborg Castle, we were determined to at least see the inside of ONE castle, even if it was dimly lit and possibly haunted by the ghosts of murdered kings.

So we raced back to find the tiny cottage, purchased our tickets, and fought our way through the exiting crowds once more back to the entrance.

Kronborg Castle in the Winter

Kronborg Castle is where Hamlet was set, and had we arrived in August, we could have seen a rendition of Hamlet in its very courtyard!

As it was, the castle was instead set up as one large indoor Christmas Market, with about 3 rooms set off to the side with a few old couches and some enormous ancient tapestry. If we’d known in advance that the castle was actually a Christmas Market, I expect it would have been delightful, but we had paid entrance to Kronborg Castle expecting to see a castle and not a Christmas Market. Although I guess we should have expected to find a Christmas Market after spending a few days wandering through charming Copenhagen and bumping into Christmas Markets around every corner (because Copenhagen in the winter is a Christmas dreamland).

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Although the surprise Christmas Market threw us a bit, we dutifully explored the 3 castle-esque rooms, all dimly lit by a single candle or so placed in a corner. Nobody else seemed interested in seeing dimly lit tapestries, so we were totally alone.

It felt not unlike being awake in the middle of the night and searching through a drafty old castle for the ghost of a recently murdered king.

We were reminded of seeing Sleep No More in New York, where Macbeth is acted out silently in a dimly lit warehouse on several floors, and you – masked and anonymous – follow the actors around as they race through various creepy well-designed sets having orgies and murdering people and whatnot.

Note to Kronborg Castle and Sleep No More: I would pay a huge sum of money to attend a similiar version of Hamlet in the very castle in which it is set. How rad would that be?!

The inside of Kronberg Castle near Copenhagen Denmark, of Hamlet fame.
Just imagine this flickering in the light of a candle or two and let your imagination run wild, like the horse in the left tapestry!

Anyway, aside from our overactive imaginations and a checkered floor that sort of looked like the one out of the Kenneth Branaugh Hamlet movie, the actual castle bits weren’t terribly exciting.

Resigned to make the most out of our remaining 15 minutes, we headed for the Christmas Market. And honestly, it was pretty awesome. The goods were more expensive and high-end than what we’d seen in Copenhagen’s Christmas Markets, but the food and drink was delightful.

We sampled cured meats, cheeses, several kinds of jenever, and plenty of wines. If we had been looking for a Christmas Market, this would have been a unique one. It was a lovely and unexpected surprise.

All in all our day of visiting the fairytale Copenhagen castles was delightful, and we highly recommend it as one of the best day trips from Copenhagen!

The courtyard of stunning Frederiksborg Castle near Copenhagen, Denmark on a winter day.
Stunning Frederiksborg Castle near Copenhagen, Denmark. In its heyday, this fountain was a flamboyant gold.

Practical Information for Visiting Copenhagen Castles

There are several excellent Copenhagen castle group tours which including transportation and a tour of both castles, like this one. But if you’re up for navigating yourself, it costs only $42 for round-trip train fare AND entry to both castles, so it’s totally budget-friendly to do this day trip from Copenhagen on your own.

Here is the practical and logistic information you need to visit Kronborg and Frederiksborg Castles, which we think is one of the best day trips from Copenhagen in winter!

Frederiksborg Castle

  • Address: Møntportvejen 10 3400 Hillerød
  • Admission Fee: 75 DKK/$10.50
  • Hours: Monday through Sunday; 11am-3pm in winter; 10am-5pm in summer
  • Website: http://www.frederiksborgslot.dk

Kronborg Castle

  • Address: Kronborg 2C, 3000 Helsingør
  • Admission Fee: 90 DKK/$13
  • Hours: Tuesday – Sunday 11:00 – 4:00 PM, closed Mondays; longer hours during certain months (more information)
  • Website: http://www.kronborg.dk

Train Route

  • Cost: 130 DKK/$19 for an All Zones 24-hour ticket
  • From Copenhagen Central Station, take one of the frequent S trains to Hillerød
  • From Hillerød, take the 930R or the L train to Helsingør
  • From Helsingør, take an R train back to Copenhagen Central Station (several go directly there)

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Psst: We have a couple more posts about visiting Copenhagen in the winter! If you’re planning a trip, these will definitely help you with everything from what to do to what to wear to what to eat.

We’ve also helpfully compiled the information in our 3 Copenhagen posts into a handy dandy PDF that you can take with you on your trip! Sign up below to download the FREE Copenhagen Winter Guide.

And be sure to check out some of these other awesome Copenhagen tours:


Looking for more amazing destinations for winter travel in Europe? Here are some of our favorites.


Are you a self-guided day trip type of traveler, or do you prefer to take a guided tour? Leave us a comment below!

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Here's how to take a self guided tour to visit 2 Copenhagen fairytale #Castles. Here's how to see Frederiksborg Castle and Kronberg Castle in one day! Visiting the Copenhagen castles is one of the best day trips from #Copenhagen, Denmark. #Europe #Travel

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Hey, I'm Lia! I'm a Kentucky native living in San Francisco. I'm extremely practical and also entirely addicted to travel, which I'm forever trying to reconcile. If I had a patronus, it would a spreadsheet. Or a llama. Possibly a llama creating a spreadsheet. I'm married to Jeremy and I'm obsessed with him and it's super gross, unless you're us, in which case it's the best.

23 Comment

  1. Kavey says: Reply

    We much prefer the self guided approach too, so it’s great to read your tips on how to get to the castles and what to see. They look so impressive!

  2. Wow! There are so many castles around the same place. Self guided is the best for a slow travel. Taking notes from yours to make mine when I visit. Happy new year!

  3. Tom says: Reply

    I had no idea that were so many castles in Copenhagen. Guess it goes to show assumptions are almost always wrong! Bit annoying you have to pay to enter, but I guess that the way of the world now! If it goes towards the upkeep of the castles, then that’s a good thing!

    1. Lia says: Reply

      Yes, the entry fee would go towards the museums, the maintainance and upkeep of the castle, and the various programs they put on for visitors. So it makes sense!

  4. Drew says: Reply

    We never made it out of Copenhagen when we visited. We got stuck drinking too much natural wine and eating Nordic food to hop on a train! Great information though about seeing the castles outside the cities. We always try to do things like that on our own, rather than on a tour, because we can go at our own pace and it usually costs a lot less…which means more money in the budget for wine and food!

    1. Lia says: Reply

      Exactly our thought! Every cent we save gets spent on booze and food 😛

  5. Stunning architecture! I haven’t been to Copenhagen yet so I’ll definitely check back when I get myself organised!

  6. So happy you guys didn’t waste your cash on the other tour. Sure they’re great, but when you can save a few bucks why not do the self-guided DIY way? And now you’ve created a virtual tour! haha. Copenhagen really is an enchanting fairy tale place.

  7. Copenhagen would always be special for me because it was my first destination during my first ever solo backpacking trip in Europe some 20 years ago. Spent a few days there but never really made out of Copenhagen itself apart from to Aarhus so never really got the chance to visit those 2 beautiful castles above. The only castle/palace that I went to was Amalienborg, the royal palace, and that was to see the changing of the guards, haha!

    1. Lia says: Reply

      We saw the changing of the guard too, quite by surprise on our way walking to the Little Mermaid statue. Such a special thing to see! We absolutely loved Copenhagen.

  8. The price of group tour is insane! 100 dollars is too much. I usually go for self guided tours since I find the information online and you can save the money for another activity.

    1. Lia says: Reply

      Not all tours are overpriced and not worth it, but in this case, the apples to apples price of a DIY tour and a guided tour ended painting a pretty clear picture: it’s best to do this one alone!

  9. We haven’t made it to Copenhagen yet and I didn’t realize there are so many castles in the city! Aiming to finally make it there this year.

    1. Lia says: Reply

      It’s such a great city! We can’t wait to go back.

  10. Copenhagen over the Christmas time is just beautiful! I was there there last year and absolutely loved it! This is a great guide for a teip to the castles, shame I missed that on my trip – it sounds amazing. And I love how uou managed to do it by yourself on a small budget, great for backpackers like me.

  11. I love Copenhagen!! One of my favorite European cities 🙂 We went in the summer (during the Jazz festival, which is amazing), and I cannot wait to experience it in the winter, especially during Christmastime! Your pictures look amazing 🙂 Thanks for the detailed guide

  12. Richa says: Reply

    I love castles!! Just saw a few in Germany this year.. thanks for sharing 🙂 Adding these to my list next.. ha!

  13. Lindsey says: Reply

    I went to Copenhagen a couple years ago in the winter and loved it! I didn’t make it to any of these castles so I guess I just need to go back 🙂

  14. Zoe says: Reply

    Beautiful photos and great post. I loved Copenhagen few years ago but definitely need to go back!

  15. I really want to go to Copenhagen and after reading your post even more. The photos are amazing!

  16. Aga says: Reply

    This looks so dreamy! Now, when I live in Norway, it’s easier for me to get to Copenhagen and then I could maybe even do that trip too! 🙂

  17. Lena says: Reply

    This is so incredibly helpful! I’ll be following this exact guide when we go to Copenhagen and just like you, we can never wake up early enough, so will probably miss the museum as well 😆

    1. Hahahaha I’m so glad we’re not alone! Looking forward to seeing your pics on Instagram of the castles!

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